High eye pressure, or ocular hypertension, is when the pressure, otherwise referred to as intraocular pressure (IOP), within one's eyes is higher than normal. Eye pressure readings equal to or greater than of 21 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) are indicative of ocular hypertension. Left untreated, high eye pressure can cause glaucoma and/or permanent vision loss in some individuals. However, some individuals can experience ocular hypertension without causing any damage to their eyes or vision.
It estimate that between 5% and 10% of North Americans greater than the age of 40 have ocular hypertension. Moreover, researcher findings estimate that ocular hypertension is 10 to 15 times more likely to occur than primary open-angle glaucoma, the most common type of glaucoma.
Optometrists can assess determined by a comprehensive eye exam and visual field testing.
High eye pressure can be determined by your optometrist during a comprehensive eye exam and visual field testing. If an optometrist discovers that an individual has ocular hypertension, they may prescribe eye drops to reduce your eye pressure. However, because these medications can have side effects, some optometrists may decide to monitor your IOP and take action only if signs of developing glaucoma emerge If eye drops are necessary, but prove to be ineffective in reducing IOP, other glaucoma treatments, including glaucoma surgery, may be recommended.
Regular comprehensive eye exams allow high eye pressure and glaucoma to be diagnosed and treated immediately. Schedule your annual exam today!